Phone: (+91)-9473465257

Mail: info@luxuryholidayindia.com

Red Fort: A complete guide to explore the Red Fort

Red Fort, also known as the Lal Killa or Lal Qila is one of the evergreen attractions in Delhi. The Red Fort Complex in Delhi lets you to explore the history, arts, architecture and life style of traditional India, especially it reminds you the grandeur of the Mughal Empire.

Image

Red Fort: A complete guide to explore the Red Fort   

Red Fort, also known as the Lal Killa or Lal Qila is one of the evergreen attractions in Delhi. The Red Fort Complex in Delhi lets you to explore the history, arts, architecture and life style of traditional India, especially it reminds you the grandeur of the Mughal Empire.

Red Fort is one of the popular and respected names among Indian citizens as it was the place where flag of India was hoisted on independence from the British. Still Red Fort hosts the function on each anniversary of Indian Independence Day.

   

History of Red Fort

The history of red fort goes back to 400 years back as the fort was built by the popular Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who also had built the Taj Mahal – one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Red Fort was built in the year of 1638. Once the complex built, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi.

The construction of Red Fort was started in 1638 and it took over 8 years to complete. The structure was originally named Qila-i-Mubarak, which means ‘the Blessed Fort’. The Red Fort faced massive destruction in 1739 when the Persian ruler Nadir Shan invaded the city and plundered the fort of many valuable artifacts, including the Peacock Throne. The fort served too many occupants, including Aurangzeb, Jahandar Shah, Muhammad Shah, and Bahadur Shah II. Finally, it went to British occupants’ in1837. In about 1857 Revolt against the British, the marble structures of the fort were also destroyed.

Red Fort Today

Today, the Red Fort has been one of the top tourist attractions in Delhi.  Red Fort is one of the popular and respected names among Indian citizens as it was the place where flag of India was hoisted on independence from the British. Still Red Fort hosts the function on each anniversary of Indian Independence Day.

In 2007, it was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites for its architectural splendor and historical significance. The Red Fort Complex is now under the control of the Archeological Survey of India.

 

Red Fort Architecture

Red Fort features in over 254.67 acres with the mixture of different architectural styles including Islamic, typical Indian, Timurid, and Persian. The main 2.5-km-long enclosing walls including some parts of the fort are made of red sandstones and remaining structure is built by using marbles.

It showcases a high level of ornamentation, and the Kohinoor diamond was reportedly part of the furnishings. The fort's artwork synthesises Persian, European and Indian art, resulting in a unique Shahjahani style rich in form, expression and colour. Red Fort is one of the building complexes of India encapsulating a long period of history and its arts. Even before its 1913 commemoration as a monument of national importance, efforts were made to preserve it for posterity.

Things you can see in the Red Fort Complex

  1. Lahori Gate, the main entrance to the fort
  2. Delhi Gate, the public entrance at the southern end
  3. Chatta Chowk, a long passageway with a bazaar
  4. Mumtaz Mahal, a palace that houses Red Fort Archaeological Museum
  5. Rang Mahal, a palace where the emperor’s wives and mistresses were housed
  6. Khas Mahal, the apartment of the emperor
  7. Diwan-i-Aam, the public audience hall
  8. Diwan-i-Khas, the private audience hall
  9. Hira Mahal, a marble pavilion built by Bahadur Shah II
  10. Princes’ quarters, imperial quarter’s used by members of the royal Mughal family
  11. Tea House, one of the Prince’s quarters which is currently a working restaurant
  12. Naubat Khana, the drum house which now houses the Indian War Memorial Museum
  13. Nahr-i-Bihisht, a canal that runs through the pavilions
  14. Hammam, the imperial baths
  15. Baoli, a uniquely designed step-well
  16. Moti Masjid, which was the private mosque of Aurangzeb
  17. Hayat Baksh Bagh, a garden within the fort
  18. Light and Sound Show

 
Red Fort Light and Sound Show

Light and Sound Show is another level of attraction which you can observe at the fort. This light and sound show is rated one of the best light and sound shows in India. The show held in the evening. Duration of the show is just 60 minutes which takes you through the history of the monument in an interesting and visually appealing manner.

Timings:
Hindi – 7:30 pm to 8.30 pm
English – 9.00 pm to 10.00 pm

Entry Fees:
Weekdays –  INR 60 for adults & INR 20 for kids
Weekends and Public Holidays –  INR 80 for adults & INR 30 for kids

 
Best Time to Visit Red Fort

The climate of Delhi is considered as an extreme continental climate as it is situated very far away from the sea. It is very hot in summer (April - July) and cold in winter (December - January).  November to March is the best months to avoid the heat of Delhi so this is also the best time to visit the Red Fort if you don’t like too much heat. But the fact is, the Red Fort is crowed by the visitors throughout the year.

 

Interesting Facts of Red Fort

Red Fort was originally white in color, as it was originally made of limestone and was painted later when the white stone started chipping off.
The fort was designed in red and white because those were the favorite colors of Shah Jahan.
There is a small water gate on the banks of the Yamuna River.
Kohinoor diamond was the part of the throne of Shah Jahan
The Red Fort was listed by UNESCO as a world heritage site in 2007 for its architectural splendor and historical significance.
The last mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was tied in his own fort as he was a rebellion against the British Empire
The sky view of the fort is just amazing and it depicts that the shape of Red Fort is octagonal.
The fort is featured on the back of the new 500 Rupees Indian note.

 

Location of Red Fort

The Red Fort is located at Netaji Subhash Marg, Old Delhi, India.

Basic Information of Red Fort

  • Location: Old Delhi
  • Timings: Sunrise to Sunset, closed on Mondays
  • Entry Fee: INR 90 for Indians;  INR 950 for foreigners 
  • Video Camera: INR 25
  • Year of Establishment:1639 to 1648
  • Architect: Ustad Ahmad Lahori
  • Area: 255 acres
  • Length of Enclosing Walls: 2.5 km

 

How to reach Red Fort

Everyone can reach Delhi in an easy way as wished by any means of transportation including Air, Rail or Roads as available from your place since the Delhi is connected by most of the countries in the world and all major cities of India as a capital city of the country. Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest airport located at a distance of around 20 km from the Red Fort. You can get a Taxi to Red Fort from the airport or from your hotel. Various trains reach to the Delhi. The nearest metro station to Red Fort is Chandni Chowk which on the yellow line. The Fort is just about 1.5 km from the station.

 

Attractions near the Red Fort

 

  • Shri Digamber Jain Lal Mandir (300 m)
  • Gauri Shankar Mandir (300 m)
  • Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib (750 m)
  • Jama Masjid (900 m)
  • Chandni Chowk Market (1.5 km)
  • Raj Ghat (2 km)
  • Khari Baoli Spice Market (3 km)
  • Fatehpuri Masjid (3 km)
  • Stephen’s Church (3 km)
  • India Gate (7 km)
  • Humayun’s Tomb (9 km)